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Julie Roy Jeffrey`s recent book The Great Silent Army of Abolitionism shows how women participated in all aspects of the antislavery movement in the United States, from its inception in the early 1830s through the end of the Civil War (1861-1865). While scholars have already pointed out the importance of women`s work in early abolitionist circles, especially in spreading a grassroots antislavery message through the constant and tireless circulation of petitions, Jeffery disputes certain aspects of the traditional account of their participation. For example, even though the abolitionist movement split into political and nonpolitical wings at the end of the 1830s and women were largely relegated to the less politicized faction, Jeffrey does not accept the view that women`s participation became marginalized as a result. She demonstrates that women found numerous ways to persist effectively in the cause, such as by organizing the antislavery fundraising fairs of the 1840s. She also disputes the notion that African American women were relegated to secondary positions in the largely White movement. Their own abolitionist societies, she argues, often responded to the crises of the pre-Civil War decades, such as the Fugitive Slave Law, more directly than did integrated abolitionist groups.