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The author of the passage implies that an examination of public discourse from the Revolutionary period shows that the
According to the passage, which of the following best summarizes the primary difference between two accounts of the American Revolution?
A subsequent research uncovered the following materials, which of them would most clearly call into question the position taken by the author in the highlighted portion
Zora Neale Hurston's 1942 autobiography, Dust Tracks on a Road, has received some of the most negative criticism of any of Hurston`s books. Among critics` complaints-some from Hurston's warmest admirers-is the work`s fragmentary nature, a nature which, while presented in other Hurston texts, including the universally acclaimed novel Their Eyes Were Watching God, is particularly conspicuous in Dust Tracks. The complaints about Dust Tracks are valid if one insists on the cardinal conventions of autobiography: traditional autobiographical structure and formal organization, and a focused projection of the autobiographical persona. But Dust Tracks portrays a persona that resists reduction to a coherent unity-a person of many moods who is in tension with the world in which she moves. In order to correspond better to this persona, Dust Tracks focuses on the fragmented life of Hurston`s imagination: the psychological dynamics of her family, community stories, and characters of friends.
The primary purpose of the passage is
The author of the passage suggests that critics` complaints about the structure of Dust Tracks are
African American painter Malvin Gray Johnson (1896-1934) grew up in urban environments, including New York City, but in 1934 visited and painted scenes from the small town of Brightwood, Virginia. Some critics have celebrate the Brightwood paintings, which depict a vibrant natural landscape and close-knit Black community, as Johnson`s discovery of an "authentic" African American life in the rural South. This view, which reflects a common tendency to regard African American artists` imagery as unmediated documentation of direct experience, overlooks Johnson`s interpretive thinking. In truth, Johnson`s conceptualization of the South was largely formed before he left New York, where he had studied the French expressionist Paul Cézanne. Johnson`s Brightwood paintings reflect Cézanne`s stylistic influence and tendency to present rural life as an idyllic alternative to modern industrialism.
The primary purpose of the passage is to

Which of the following best describes the organization of the passage?

The highlighted sentence has which of the following functions in the passage?
The ability to recognize specific individuals has profound implications for the evolution of complex social behaviors such as reciprocal altruism. Many researchers assumed that recognition of individuals, a phenomenon predominantly observed in laboratory studies of fish, might also operate extensively in free-ranging fish populations, where it could underpin these complex interactions. In fact, evidence of individual recognition in free-ranging fish populations is equivocal. The possibility exists that for many species, individual recognition observed in the laboratory might be an artifact of experimental designs, which enforce prolonged interaction between individuals and which prevent the diluting effects on social structure of immigration into and emigration from the shoal, factors that in nature would erode group stability and prevent the learning of individual identities.
The author would likely agree with which of the following statements about the prevalence of specific individual recognition that occurred in fish in the laboratory studies discussed?
Hard Times, Charles Dickens` shortest novel, was written and published in 1854. Despite the sensational success of its two immediate predecessors, David Copperfield and Bleak House, and its immediate successors, Little Dorritt and A Tale of Two Cities, Hard Times seems to have been Dickens` least popular novel during his own lifetime and subsequently. One critic speculated that editorial cuts imposed on the novel for serialization were responsible. However, as Jane Jacobs points out, Hard Times was serialized in Household Words, a periodical that Dickens not only founded but edited. Part of the reason for the book`s relative unpopularity may have been its despairing message, its depiction of pervasive emptiness in almost everything life has to offer, from marriage and family to success and community. Jacobs also suggests that the book`s structure may have played a role: action is slow and scant throughout, and descriptions and conversations during the first two thirds of the book are repetitious. While the book`s tone changes abruptly in the last section, when Dickens, the master storyteller, jogs his characters into life by enmeshing them in convoluted coils of plot, the reader must first endure the tedious way in which Dickens establishes the novel`s settings and characters.
The passage suggests which of the following about the last section of Hard Times?

The author of the passage mentions David copperfield, Bleak House, Little Dorritt, and A Tale of Two Cities most likely in order to
Each of the following is mentioned in the passage as a possible reason for the relative unpopularity of Hard Times EXCEPT for the
Was resource intensification-an increase in labor and time devoted to subsistence activities in order to increase food yields-by Dorset Paleo-Eskimos and Recent Indians on the island of Newfoundland simply a response to population pressure? Not exactly. On Newfoundland, population pressure did not result from a steadily growing resident population but, rather, from the arrival and lingering presence of new and significantly different populations. Newfoundland`s hunter-gatherer populations-both resident and newcomer-adjusted to the presence of other populations through niche differentiation. Building on a tradition that emphasized marine resources, Dorset Paleo-Eskimos intensified their harvest of seals in response to the arrival of Recent Indians in the first few centuries A.D. Recent Indians who were more familiar with broad-based, interior-maritime adaptation, intensified this strategy to cope with the Dorset.
According to the passage, which of the following resulted from the arrival of the Recent Indians?
Which of the following best describes the function of the highlighted sentence in the context of the passage as a whole?
Having a larger assortment to choose from increases consumers` expectations about matching their preferences. The heightened expectations seem logical, since assortments containing more or more varied items should increase the degree to which preferences can be matched. In practice, however, as assortment size increases, the degree to which consumers realize better preference matches often rises relatively little. Larger assortments may not actually offer more variety, the market may simply not supply an envisioned offering, or in the absence of sophisticated search tools, consumers may miss a better preference match even if it is available. Therefore, larger assortments can increase the likelihood that expectations will not be met, leaving consumers less satisfied with options chosen from larger rather than smaller assortments.

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