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Eighteenth-century women played a significant part in British political life. Up and down the social scale they performed a variety of political acts, everything from purchasing political artifacts such at plates, handkerchiefs, and fans to penning political pamphlets, starring in civic processions, sponsoring boycotts, arguing over public issues in their own debating societies, rioting, and uttering seditious words. Whereas historians used to see female political involvement in this century as isolated or aberrant, they now stress the continuity and normalcy of such activity, especially for aristocratic women. Given the familial nature of aristocratic politics, noble women were actually expected to act as political advisors and agent for their husbands, to canvass in elections, to serve as political hostesses, to seek and dispense political patronage. They did so routinely long before the eighteenth and deep into the nineteenth century. Patrician women had such far-reaching political influence, it has been argued recently, that they actually stood to rise by expansion of the electorate to include women. Fruitful as this new historiography has been, however, it has politics and its inattention to ideology. Given the widespread political activity of women, why expansion of suffrage did not happen in the eighteenth-century?