Statistics indicate that, on the average, women executives’ salaries are about 20% lower than the salaries of men in comparable jobs. This is true despite the job discrimination suits filed in the 1970’s by the federal government against firms such as A.T. & T. and the Bank of America, as well as despite the passage of laws forbidding job discrimination by gender in many states and localities. In the face of this unrelenting prejudice against women, it is manifest that only an amendment to the U.S. Constitution can fully remedy the iniquities under which today’s women are laboring.
All of the following are weaknesses of the above argument EXCEPT that
  • Ait makes generalizations concerning the status of women in general based on the plight of a single group of women
  • Bit draws conclusions from statistical evidence that the data may not support
  • Cit disregards efforts being made by some employers to end job discrimination within their own firms
  • Dit fails to fully consider possible remedies other than the one proposed
  • Eit ignores other possible explanations for the cited difference in average salaries
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网友解答

感谢由猫猫0414用户对此题目的解答所做出的贡献。

文本翻译:数据表明,从平均水平来看,女性的工资大约比男性低20%在可比较的工作中。这是真的,尽管反工作歧视法案在1970年代被联邦政府颁布去对抗诸如AT&T和BOA这样的公司,不仅如此尽管禁止工作歧视的法案被提出在很多州和地方。面对这种持续的(unrelenting)偏见对女性,这是很明显的,即只有一个修正案对于美国国会可以全面改进(remedy)这种不公正(iniquity)在今天女性工作中。

题目:All of the following are weaknesses of the above argument EXCEPT that:下列选项都是以上论证的弱点除了哪项
  • A it makes generalizations concerning the status of women in general based on the plight of a single group of women 它使得关于女性总体地位的概括大致基于一部分女性的困境
  • B it draws conclusions from statistical evidence that the data may not support 它得出的结论来自于数据证据that那些数据可能不支持
  • C it disregards efforts being made by some employers to end job discrimination within their own firms 它漠视了作用,即那些被一些老板为结束工作歧视在他们自己公司内的
  • D it fails to fully consider possible remedies other than the one proposed 它没能完整考虑可能的改进除了提及的那个
  • E it ignores other possible explanations for the cited difference in average salaries 它忽视了其他可能的解释对于引用的平均工资中的差异
  • 答案:C
    解析:
    作者的论点是:女性在工作中受到了歧视;他提出的论据包括:数据,他认为法案在一些公司没有被遵守;他认为如果要改善状况必须提出修正案。
    文中论证是否符合逻辑而没有弱点weakness取决于但不局限与以下几点:
    1 数据的来源是否全面、可靠
    2 是否法案真的没有被公司遵守
    3 是否改善修正案是唯一的方法
    根据以上可以看出,A体现出文中论据(即数据)的不全面;B体现出文中论据(即数据)的不可靠;D体现出对于改进方法的过分绝对 E体现出导致文中论据(即数据)原因的多样化但文中忽视。因此,对于逻辑题的做法:首先明确作者的论点,然后看作者是否全面考虑了不同方面论据的来源可靠性、论据的全面性、所提出改进办法是否唯一等
    当前版本感谢由猫猫0414等的贡献

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