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Educated people in the Renaissance learned their Latin from contemporary collections, like Erasmus' Adages and Ravisius Textor's Epitheta, that grouped pithy expressions not by author or period but by subject. Thus Renaissance students encountered the many variations ancient Roman writers (ca. 100 B.C.-ca. A.D. 200) had for maxims like "War is pleasant to those who havent tried it." They could even use these sayings flawlessly themselves, for example, urging friends who worked too long on one book to "take your hand off the writing tablet." But they had no sense of context; instead they associated the quotations not with the original sources, but with the other identical, similar, or opposite sayings cited in their textbooks. Modem scholarship has explored this point to explain the idiosyncratic nature of most Renaissance allusions to classical texts. The prevalence of this sort of secondhand classical culture in the Renaissance should figure in any effort to assess the degree and kind of influence that Roman writers had on the educated class of the sixteenth century in Europe.
The term "idiosyncratic", is used by the author of the passage to characterize the manner in which educated people of Renaissance Europe learned Latin
The author of the passage suggests that when a Renaissance student quoted a Latin expression, that student would typically
With which of the following views of modem scholarship on the Renaissance period would the author of the passage most likely agree?
James: Why is it that fish living iii the ocean's dark depths do not swim around very much? It must be that the scarcity of food available there prevents them from having much energy for swimming.

Marie: But fish swim around only to approach or avoid other creatures that they can see. and in such conditions of darkness, almost nothing can be seen.
Marie responds to James by
The decline of the heath hen began when the first Europeans arrived on the East Coast of North America. Before European settlement, Native Americans used fire to maintain a mosaic of forests, shrublands, agricultural fields, and grasslands. After European diseases decimated Native American populations, the formerly open habitats of the Northeast became largely forested, resulting in major changes to bird communities and probably reducing habitat. Although the clearing of forests by European settlers probably once again increased heath hen habitat, hunting pressure was extreme, and by 1821 the formerly common bird was rare in New England. The last reports of heath hens in Pennsylvania and New Jersey are from 1869, and it is doubtful that the heath hen survived much after that on mainland North America.
Which of the following can be inferred about the action mentioned in the highlighted portion of the passage?
Which of the following statements about the impact of European settlers on the heath hen is supported by the passage?
Academics have been reconsidering the meaning of "wilderness" and its usefulness to conservation strategies. The idea of pristine wilderness is historically inaccurate, argue scholars of Native American history, who have demonstrated that Native Americans shaped their environments with their agricultural practices and residential patterns. Other scholars argue that wilderness is simply a cultural construct created in opposition to modem society, not a real place untouched by humans. Scientists, in turn, have argued that the goal of wilderness preservation is based on a model in which ecosystems progress toward a stable equilibrium state, a model replaced in the 1970s with one stressing constant change. These insights complicate wilderness management, which critics charge aims to preserve a supposedly stable environment that existed prior to human disturbance.
Which of the following statements best describes the function of the highlighted sentence? A. It undermines a claim made in the previous sentence.
The author suggests that the model "stressing constant change" is significant because it
After a bird feeder was filled with x pounds of birdseed, 12 ounces of birdseed were consumed each day for the next 8 days. (1 pound=16 ounces)

Quantity A:At the end of the 8 days, the weight of the birdseed in the bird feeder that was not consumed

Quantity B:x-5 pounds
|a|=4 and |b|=6

Quantity A:|a+b|

Quantity B:5
S is the set of all ordered pairs (x, y) of integers such that -10 ≤ x ≤ 10 and -5 ≤ y ≤ 15.

Quantity A:The number of ordered pairs (x, y) in S such that x=y

Quantity B:16
x > 0

Quantity A:$\frac{1}{9}$of x

Quantity B:11% of x
n is a positive integer and 26n is a multiple of 12.

Quantity A:n

Quantity B:11

Line k and l lie in the xy-plane and are parallel.

Quantity A:a

Quantity B:b
r > s

List L consists of r values, and the average (arithmetic mean) of the values in L is 52.8. List M consists of s values, and the average of the values in M is 54.2. List K consists of the values in L and the values in M.

Quantity A:The average of the values in K

Quantity B:53.5
Pauls family put m dollars in a new savings account on May 2, 1990, and put the same number of dollars in the account on May 2, 1991, and again on May 2, 1992. If the annual interest rate on this account was 4 percent compounded annually and there were no other deposits to the account or withdrawals from the account, which of the following represents the total number of dollars in the account on May 2, 1993, just after interest had been compounded for the third time, in terms of m?

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