|That formal conversation could obscure a speaker's(i)______was familiar to eighteenth-century English intellectuals, since they often found that the language of polite discourse was (ii)______ imparting their emotions.|
|After the first monarch butterfly overwintering site was discovered in Mexico in 1975, the biologist Lincoln Brower (i)______the (ii)______of additional sites. The principal reason for Brower`s contention was that roosting in a very limited area would make the species highly vulnerable to wildfire.|
|(i)_______the cumbersome phraseology of contemporary critical theory, her treatise is, stylistically at least, in sharp contrast with the (ii)______ of the prose she is analyzing--prose reflective of a culture that values extreme linguistic compression.|
|Materials expand and contract with temperature changes. This general concept has been exploited for thousands of years, for instance, to ensure tight rivets in blacksmithing by shrink-fitting. For precision instruments, however, (i)_______materials are truly (ii)_______: hence the importance of Invar, an alloy notable for its (iii)_______expansion and contraction over a range of temperatures.|
|After the Turkish Republic was established, traditional hamams (bathhouses) seemed to many Turks to be outmoded, but thanks to tourism, hamams have experienced a______,becoming important cultural sites for foreign and Turkish visitors alike.|
|Among some demographic groups, the Internet is______: almost everybody who wants Internet access has it.|
|The reliable production of usable energy through the controlled fusion of hydrogen atoms into helium remains an elusive dream: even the most ardent efforts to achieve it have thus far been_______.|
|The television network seems to regard its longest-running comedy show as_______, keeping it in the schedule even as the humor it churns out is notoriously hit-or-miss.|
|In 1838, twenty-nine years before publishing his translation of Dante's Inferno, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow wrote that "to understand Dante ... it is absolutely necessary to understand the Italian Language. How true was Longfellow to his own dictum? Judging by the problems he had in composing a simple inscription, his ability to express himself in Italian was probably modest. However, this does not mean his understanding of the written language was inadequate. Longfellow's translation is on the whole not only correct but accurate and attentive to the semantic nuances of the original. Indeed, the literalness of his translation shows he understood Dante's language so well that he felt duty bound to render into English its extraordinary precision, richness, and variety.|
|The author cites Longfellow's remarks from 1838 in order to|
|Which of the following does the author cite as support in assessing Longfellow's knowledge of the Italian language?|
Researchers attempting to reconstruct domestic interiors of Greece's Hellenistic period (lasting from 323 B.C.E. until 31 B.C.E.) have fairly scant evidence from which to draw conclusions. Excavations of Hellenistic domestic sites have turned up coins, vases, and other objects but almost no furniture. The furniture found in tombs outnumbers the furniture excavated from domestic sites. This pattern of preservation is a result of the materials used in construction. Funerary furniture is usually made of stone and thus likely to be preserved. But many of the materials used for domestic furniture, particularly wood, are perishable and have not survived. It should he stressed, therefore, that researchers' grounds for comparison between funerary and domestic spaces are limited. It is impossible to know the amount of perishable furniture used in daily life. Only a few examples of nonperishable parts of furniture, such as metal-sheathed legs or appliques for bed rests, have been excavated from Hellenistic homes. In addition, many sites with Hellenistic habitation were entirely rebuilt in later times, a process leading to the reuse of Hellenistic material in later furniture.
If there was nonperishable domestic furniture, what happened to it? It might seem likely that it, and much perishable furniture, was looted by invading armies, but there is no literary evidence to support this assumption. Furniture is not mentioned, for example, among the plunder obtained from Greek sites in descriptions of Roman triumphs, the processions in which victorious generals paraded the spoils of war through the streets of Rome. Accounts of Asian plunder, by contrast, did mention furniture. One might argue that literary accounts of triumphs are neither accurate nor detailed lists of objects obtained from the enemy but the distinction between Greek and Asian plunder is significant. If furniture was worth carrying off from Asia, then why not from Greece?
There are two possible explanations for the absence of furniture from the Greek plunder described in accounts of Roman triumphs either there was not much luxurious furniture for Roman soldiers to carry off, or the sociopolitical reality of Rome in the second century B.C.E., when most of the plundering of Greece took place, was different from that of the first century B.C. E, the period of the Asian conquests. Perhaps expensive furniture of a private nature was rejected as suitable plunder in the second century because it was too much associated with personal luxury but was acceptable in the first century, when Romans, own tastes had begun to change.
|The author of the passage would most likely agree with which of the following statements about "furniture found in tombs"?|
|The author suggests that during "the period of the Asian conquests"|
|The author mentions "descriptions of Roman triumphs" primarily in order to|
|The "two possible explanations" include which of the following?|
|Vitamin E helps the body eliminate harmful chemicals, so some health-conscious people take vitamin E supplements. There are two forms of vitamin E, and currently vitamin E supplements contain only the alpha form, while only the gamma form rids the body of the destructive chemical peroxynitrate. As it turns out, there is enough gamma form contained in the typical diet to protect against peroxynitrate, yet even so, the gamma form should be added to Vitamin E supplements because _______________ .|
|Which of the following most logically completes the argument?|
|Larvae of many marine invertebrate species delay their metamorphosis into juveniles when cues signaling an appropriate juvenile environment are absent, thereby increasing their likelihood of thriving as juveniles and of ultimately reaching adulthood. Nevertheless, delayed metamorphosis has potential costs for juveniles, including reduced growth and increased mortality. Nearly all evidence of such costs involves species whose larvae do not feed but rather subsist on stored nutrients, indicating that insufficient energy reserves may be an underlying cause of these costs. Supporting this hypothesis are laboratory studies showing that in a certain bryozoan, the prolonged larval swimming that results from delayed metamorphosis is associated with size reductions in the juvenile feeding organ(the lophophore) and that one factor influencing the size of juveniles of certain barnacle species is how long larvae delay metamorphosis. However, other studies show that while significantly fewer juvenile Capitella worms survived to adulthood when metamorphosis had been delayed, prolonged larval swimming had no significant effect on juvenile size, suggesting, perhaps, that in some species, factors other than insufficient energy reserves account for the negative effects of the larval stresses that result from delayed metamorphosis.|
|The passage is primarily concerned with|