解析库 > 2021年考满分GPO新题模考
Several small-scale polities specializing in the production of iron and the manufacture of tools and weapons--Mawu (Akpafu). Lolobi, Santrokofi--have long existed in Ghana's Togo Hills. This is not surprising considering that the hills are rich in iron-bearing rocks. These products of the smiths` forges were traded over a large area up to the end of the nineteenth century: Adele and Krachi districts to the north, Ewe states to the south, parts of the Fon kingdom in the east, and the Asante confederacy in the west. What is more surprising in this context is that the traditions of the ruling Mawu clan suggest they have lived in this iron-rich area for a comparatively short length of time. It would have been more likely to expect that these groups of renowned iron workers would have been long-established in sites which yielded the highest quality ore in the area. There are a number of possible explanations of this apparent anomaly. First, the site may indeed have been inhabited only for the last 150 years or so, and the deposits of ore were undiscovered before that time. Secondly, the Mawu traditions are correct, but that other non-Mawu iron working groups exploited the ores previous to 150 years ago. Thirdly, the traditions are selective, relating only to the ruling families and omitting references to other Mawu clans, let alone other iron working communities previously occupying these hills.